- any of various devices for testing physical conditions, often for remote or underwater locations.
Acronym: Shipboard Oceanography Network Data Environment http://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/SONDE
- Plural of sonda
Montreal. From 1975 to about 1985, Sonde gave hundreds of performances in North America and Europe on sound sources of their own invention. Sonde was also engaged in television, film, and dance (particularly contact improvisation).
HistorySonde was founded in 1975 and originally called MuD (an abbreviation of Musical Design). MuD gave their first performance in 1975 at Pollack Hall, McGill University, Montreal. Viewers/listeners were amazed to see and hear musical performances emerge from an improbable set of never-before-seen "sound sources" such as Les Plaques and The Amazing Three Man Hum Drum.
The group grew out of a course called Music Design taught at McGill University by Mario Bertoncini.
The original members of MuD were Andrew Culver, Pierre Dostie, Chris Howard, and Charles de Mestral. Over the years, other memebrs have included Linda Pavelka (primarily as a vocalist), Robin Minard and Keith Daniel (primarily as an electronics inventor and engineer).
ConceptsThe notion of a sound source is central to Sonde's approach. While an instrument is a tool used for the performing of compositions other than itself, a sound source is the both the composition and the object from which the sound emanates.
The Bertoncini concept of musical design is equally central to Sonde's work. Bertoncini proposed that composition begin before the instrument, requiring the composer to explore the acoustic properties of materials and structures and invent new instruments as part and parcel of creating a new composition. The resulting devices were often visually as well as acoustically fascinating. Bertoncini has built up a large collection of device compositions over 40 years.
In writings from the early 1980's, Andrew Culver defined musical design thus: